Andrea Rossi's E-Cat "Cold Fusion" Fraud - Investigation Summary
Investigation by Steven B. Krivit (2011-2016)  

Andrea Rossi
Image courtesy Mats Lewan
Primary New Energy Times Articles About the Andrea Rossi E-Cat Fraud
The Pied Piper of Bologna: A Six-Year Retrospective of the Andrea Rossi E-Cat Fraud
Forty-Eight Hours in Bologna: The Failure of Rossi’s Energy Catalyzer, Caught on Video
Other New Energy Times Resources About the Andrea Rossi E-Cat Fraud
Timeline of Events
New Energy Times Index of Rossi Investigation News Stories
Chronology and Dramatis Personae in Andrea Rossi's "Cold Fusion" Con
Scientists Who Promoted and Endorsed Andrea Rossi
Report #5: Rossi's Profitable Career in Science
Table of 2010-2011 Experiments
Citations of Steven Krivit's Andrea Rossi E-Cat Investigation
Ricketts, David, "When the Fund Stops," Harriman House (Jan. 26, 2021)
Amos, "Andrea Rossi – Fraudster Or Just Incompetent?" New Energy Treasure (August 7, 2020)
Shapland, Mark, "Neil Woodford feels the heat over cold fusion fiasco involving eccentric Italian inventor Andrea Rossi," Evening Standard (June 12, 2019)
Bryce, Ian, "Rossi’s E-Cat: Exposé of a Claimed Cold Fusion Device," Skeptical Inquirer, 43 (3), (May-June 2019) (See "Regarding Ian Bryce's "Eureka Moment" About Andrea Rossi's Con") (Krivit-Bryce Letters July-August 2023) (Krivit Letter Sept. 15, 2023)
Wang, Brian "Accumulated evidence that Rossi E-cat was fraud" Next Big Future (Aug. 24, 2017)
Hambling, David, "In Cold Fusion 2.0, Who's Scamming Whom?"Popular Mechanics (April 20 2016) (PDF)
Antoni, Gianni Degli e Valenzi, Vincenzo
"La battaglia per la fusione fredda continua" Scienza e Conoscenza (Jan. 1, 2016)
Hambling, David, "The cold fusion race just heated up" Wired UK (Jan. 30, 2015)
Corneliussen, Steven T., " renews attention to widely disparaged 'low-energy nuclear reactions'", Physics Today (May 28, 2013)
Zyga, Lisa, "Tests find Rossi's E-Cat has an energy density at least 10 times higher than any conventional energy source," (May 13, 2013)
Gibbs, Mark, "E-Cat Proof Challenge: $1,000,000 is a "Clownerie"? (Updated)," (Feb. 14, 2012)
Wolchover, Natalie "E-Cat 'Cold Fusion' Machine: Claims of Fraud Heating Up," (Feb. 10, 2012)
Olson, Sander, "Steven Krivit and the troubling case of Andrea Rossi,"Next Big Future ( March 2, 2012) (PDF)
U.S. Government - National Ground Intelligence Center, "United States Army Intelligence and Security Command (INSCOM) records concerning Low Energy Nuclear Reactions (LENR) 2008-2010," Government Attic (Jan. 9, 2012)
Zreick, Raymond, "E-Cat e fusione fredda: intrighi e misteri," (Aug. 25, 2011)
Zyga, Lisa, "Controversial energy-generating system lacking credibility (w/ video)," Phys.Org (Aug. 11, 2011)


Video Recordings
Sept. 3, 2011 New Energy Times Video Interview of Andrea Rossi (Filmed on June 15, 2011)
Rossi Interview Part 1
Rossi Interview Part 2
Rossi Interview Part 3
Rossi Interview Part 4
Rossi Interview Transcript Excerpts
Sept. 2, 2011 New Energy Times Video Interview of Daniele Passerini (Filmed on June 14, 2011)
Video interview
Sept. 1, 2011 New Energy Times Video Interview of David Bianchini (Filmed on June 14, 2011)
Video Interview
Aug. 25, 2011 New Energy Times Video Interview of Sergio Focardi (Filmed on June 14, 2011)
Focardi Interview Part 1
Focardi Interview Part 2
Focardi Interview Part 3
Focardi Interview Transcript Excerpts
Aug. 17, 2011 New Energy Times Video Interview of Giuseppe Levi (Filmed on June 14, 2011)
Levi Interview Part 1
Levi Interview Part 2
Levi Interview Part 3
Levi Interview Part 4
Levi Interview Part 5
Levi Interview Transcript Excerpts
July 30, 2011 Analysis of April 28, 2011, Ny Teknik Video of Andrea Rossi & His Energy Device
June 23, 2011 The Failure of Rossi’s Energy Catalyzer, Caught on Video PART 2/2 (Filmed on June 14, 2011)
June 20, 2011 The Failure of Rossi’s Energy Catalyzer, Caught on Video PART 1/2 (Filmed on June 14, 2011)
Image Galleries
Image Gallery - Miscellaneous Images
Image Gallery - June 14-15, 2011
Image Gallery - Swedish Guests - March 29, 2011
Image Gallery - Energy Catalyzer Satire

Resources and References About Andrea Rossi
The Magic of Mr. Rossi - Broadcast on May 5, 2011, Rai News 24 -TV, Italian Public Television
Petroldragon Story by Rossi and his Brief Biography - English
Petroldragon Story by Rossi and his Brief Biography - Italian
Rossi's Mini-Bio, Original Italian Version
Rossi's Italian Financial and Environmental Criminal History
Excerpts about Andrea Rossi from Book by Luigi Bacialli, "Petrolio Dai Rifiuti"
Web Sites of Andrea Rossi and His Associates
Companies and Individuals Involved in Andrea Rossi's Energy Catalyzer
Rossi's "Journal Of Nuclear Physics" Blog
Rossi Blog Reader
Defkalion Green Technologies S.A. (dead link)
Luigi Versaggi Panno's Facebook Discussion List
Leonardo Technologies Inc. (Ohio) (Dead link:
Leonardo Corporation (New Hampshire and Florida) (Dead link

Document Library
  European Patent Office Records on Rossi Application
  Italian Patents - A Guide To Prior Art Searches
May 4, 2011 Defkalion Board Registration (Source URL) (Retrieved on May 4, 2011)
April 29, 2011 Piantelli Challenges To Rossi Patent (Application)
April 28, 2011 Mats Lewan's April 28 Test Data
April 19, 2011 Mats Lewan's April 19 Test Data
April 3, 2011 Essén and Kullander Report on March 29, 2011 Demonstration
Feb. 6, 2011 Celani Report, ICCF-16
Jan. 26, 2011 Villa Report on Jan. 14, 2011 Rossi Demonstration (Gamma Report)
Jan 21, 2011 Bianchini Report on Jan. 14, 2011 Rossi Demonstration (Radiation Report)
Jan. 21, 2011 Levi Report on Jan. 14, 2011 Rossi Demonstration (Energy Report)
March 22, 2010 Focardi, S., Rossi, A., "An New Energy Source From Nuclear Fusion," (Self-published)
Aug. 4, 2008 Rossi U.S. Patent Application US 2011/0005506 A1
Nov. 24, 2009 Piantelli WIPO/PCT Application WO/2010/058288 (Source)
Aug. 4, 2008 Rossi WIPO/PCT Patent Application WO2009/125444 A1 (Source)
July 10, 2008 Piantelli-Focardi Publication and Replication Path (See reference section for scientific bibliography)
April 9, 2008 Rossi Italian Patent Record 1387256 (Copy of Patent) (Source) (Granted April 6, 2011) Application #IT MI20080629 (A1)
Jan. 27 1995 Piantelli European Patent granted #EP0767962 (Patent Granted June 2, 1999. Now expired, renewal fees unpaid) (Other National Phase)
Jan. 27 1995 Piantelli WIPO/PCT Application 95/20816 (Source)
Sept. 2004 U.S. Army Corps of Engineers "Application of Thermoelectric Devices to
Fuel Cell Power Generation